Copyright 2009
Coaching Baseball Pitchers
By Michael Grant Marshall, Ph.D.

Table of Contents

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Section I:  Author's Credentials

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     A.  Chapter One:  Personal History

     B.  Chapter Two:  Academic Training

     C.  Chapter Three:  Professional Pitching Achievements

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Section II:  Adolescent Pitchers

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     A.  Chapter Four:  Assessing the Biological Age of Adolescent Males
         01.  Hand-Wrist Skeletal X-rays
         02.  Adolescent Male Sexual Maturity Indicators

     B.  Chapter Five:  Variability in the Maturation Rates of Adolescent Males
         01.  Doctoral Dissertation Data
         02.  Adolescent Male Maturational Rate Differences

     C.  Chapter Six:  Skeletal Growth and Development Principles
         01.  Embryonic Skeletal Development
         02.  Mechanical Stresses Influence Adolescent Bone Growth

     D.  Chapter Seven:  Growth Plates of the Adolescent Pitching Elbow
         01.  Appearance Sequences
         02.  Union Sequences

     E.  Chapter Eight:  Growth and Development of the Adolescent Male Elbow
         01.  Evaluation Procedure
         02.  Muscle Attachments on Elbow Growth Plates
         03.  Bi-Lateral Elbow X-Rays of Adolescent Males

     F.  Chapter Nine:  Research into Adolescent Pitching Arm Injuries
         01.  Injuries Among 771,810 Little League Baseball Players
         02.  Injuries to the Throwing Arm - a study of traumatic changes in the elbow joints of boy baseball players
         03.  Little League Shoulder-Osteochondritis of the Proximal Humeral Epiphyses of Boy Baseball Pitchers
         04.  Additional References

     G.  Chapter Ten:  Bi-Lateral Elbow X-Rays of Two Major League Pitchers
         01.  Methodology
         02.  Analyzing X-Rays
         03.  Pitching Elbow Irregularities
         04.  Bi-Lateral Elbow Ranges of Motion
         05.  Causes of Decreased Pitching Elbow Ranges of Motion

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Section III:  Youth Baseball

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     A.  Chapter Eleven:  1955 Little League Baseball World Series Players
         01.  C. W. Crampton's Biological Maturity Assessment
         02.  Who Dominated the Championship?

     B.  Chapter Twelve:  Youth Baseball Programs

         01.  Follow the Research Findings
         02.  Listen to the Children
         03.  Youth Baseball Recommendations

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Section IV:  Applied Human Anatomy

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     A.  Chapter Thirteen:  Shoulder Girdle
         01.  Primary Shoulder Girdle Bones
         02.  Other Shoulder Girdle Bones
         03.  Kinesiological Actions
         04.  Shoulder Girdle Muscles
         05.  Pitching Actions

     B.  Chapter Fourteen:  Shoulder Joint
         01.  Shoulder Joint Bone
         02.  Other Shoulder Joint Bones
         03.  Kinesiological Actions
         04.  Shoulder Joint Muscles
         05.  Pitching Actions

     C.  Chapter Fifteen:  Elbow Joint
         01.  Elbow Joint Bones
         02.  Kinesiological Actions
         03.  Elbow Joint Muscles
         04.  Pitching Actions

     D.  Chapter Sixteen:  Forearm Joint
         01.  Forearm Bones
         02.  Kinesiological Actions
         03.  Forearm Muscles
         04.  Pitching Actions

     E.  Chapter Seventeen:  Wrist Joint
         01.  Wrist Bones
         02.  Kinesiological Actions
         03.  Wrist Muscles
         04.  Pitching Actions

     F.  Chapter Eighteen:  Finger Joints
         01.  Finger Joints Bones
         02.  Kinesiological Actions
         03.  Finger Muscle
         04.  Pitching Actions

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Section V:  Why Do Pitches Change Direction After Pitchers Release Them?

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     A.  Chapter Nineteen:  Daniel Bernoulli
         01.  Fluid Flow Equation
         02.  Magnus Effect
         03.  Marshall Effect

     B.  Chapter Twenty:  Gravity
         01.  Time to Fall Formula
         02.  Time to Fall Calculation
         03.  Total Horizontal Distance Formula
         04.  Total Horizontal Distance Calculation
         05.  Trajectory Equation
         06.  Trajectory Equation Simplification
         07.  Trajectory Equation Calculations

     C.  Chapter Twenty-One:  Atmosphere
         01.  Weight of One Cubic Foot of Air Molecules Formula
         02.  Barometric Pressure
         03.  Temperature
         04.  Pitching Implications

     D.  Chapter Twenty-Two:  Maximum Falling Velocity of Baseballs
         01.  Integrated Final Velocity Formula
         02.  Falling Baseball Final Velocity Calculation
         03.  Drag Formula
         04.  Maximum Falling Velocity Formula
         05.  Maximum Falling Velocity Calculation

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Section VI:  What Pitch Should Pitchers Throw First, Second and So On?

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     A.  Chapter Twenty-Three:  Data Collection
         01.  What Pitch Sequence?
         02.  Pitch-By-Pitch Game Sheet
         03.  Individual Hitter Sheet

     B.  Chapter Twenty-Four:  Research Findings
         01.  1971 Major League Season
         02.  1972 Major League Season
         03.  1973 Major League Season
         04.  1974 Major League Season

     C.  Chapter Twenty-Five:  Computer Analysis
         01.  Pitch and Hitter Data Descriptions
         02.  Four Hitter Type Data Descriptions
         03.  Comparing the Four Types of Hitters

     D.  Chapter Twenty-Six:  Pitch Sequence Study
         01.  Left-Handed Spray Hitters
         02.  Left-Handed Pull Hitters
         03.  Right-Handed Spray Hitters
         04.  Right-Handed Pull Hitters

     E.  Chapter Twenty-Seven:  What Pitches Should Pitchers Master?
         01.  General Concepts
         02.  Right-Handed Pitchers
         03.  Left-Handed Pitchers

     F.  Chapter Twenty-Eight:  Pitch Sequences For Youth, High School, College and Professional Pitchers
         01.  General Concepts
         02.  1st, 2nd and 3rd At Bat Pitch Sequences For Youth and High School Pitchers
         03.  1st, 2nd and 3rd At Bat Pitch Sequences For College and Professional Pitchers
         04.  1975:  Dream to Disaster

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Section VII:  Biomechanical Analysis of the Pitching Motion

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     A.  Chapter Twenty-Nine:  Sir Isaac Newton
         01.  1st Law of Motion:  Inertia
         02.  2nd Law of Motion:  Acceleration
         03.  3rd Law of Motion:  Reaction
         04.  Dr. Mike Marshall's Three Laws of Force Application for Baseball Pitching

     B.  Chapter Thirty:  High-Speed Film Study
         01.  Methodology
         02.  Findings
         03.  Analyses
         04.  Pitching Motion Corrections
         05.  Fastballís Final Velocity
         06.  Conversion for Miles Per Hour to Feet Per Second
         07.  Radar Gun Readings

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Section VIII:  Principles With Which to Design Baseball Pitcher Interval-Training Programs

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     A.  Chapter Thirty-One:  Muscle Physiology
         01.  Myofibrils
         02.  Actin Protein Filaments
         03.  Myosin Protein Filaments
         04.  Adenosine Tri-Phosphate (ATP)
         05.  Myofibril Contractile Units
         06.  Mechanism of Muscle Contraction
         07.  Three Muscle Fiber Types
         08.  Biological Energy Cycle
         09.  Connective Tissues
         10.  Myofibril Force Theory
         11.  Three Kinesiological Joint Actions
         12.  Motor Nerve Cells
         13.  Motor Unit
         14.  Motor Unit Contraction and Relaxation Sequences
         15.  Muscle Injuries
         16.  Lombardís Paradox

     B.  Chapter Thirty-Two:  Physiology of Exercise
         01.  Specificity of Training
         02.  The Overload Principle
         03.  Dr. Marshall's Twenty Percent Principle
         04.  Arterial Blood Flow Principle
         05.  Weight Training's Relaxation Instant Principle
         06.  Bi-Lateral Training Principle
         07.  Dr. Marshall's Plioanglos Training Principle
         08.   Differential Neuromuscular Tension Control (NTC) Principle

     C.  Chapter Thirty-Three:  Dr. Marshall's Interval-Training Programs
         01.  Work Phase
         02.  Rest Phase

     D.  Chapter Thirty-Four:  Motor Development, Learning and Skill Acquisition
         01.  General Motor Skill Characteristics
         02.  Instructional Blueprints
         03.  Internal Learning Processes
         04.  Classifying Motor Skills
         05.  Methods of Motor Skill Instruction
         06.  Practice Principles
         07.  Evaluation Principles

     E.  Chapter Thirty-Five:  Pitcher Training Facility
         01.  Pitching Mound
         02.  Receiving Net
         03.  Iron Ball Rebound Wall

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Section IX:  Dr. Marshall's Training Programs, Drills and Baseball Pitching Motions

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     A.  Chapter Thirty-Six:  Dr. Mike Marshall's Interval-Training Programs and Drills
         01.  60-Day Youth Baseball Pitchers Motor Skill Acquisition Program
         02.  120-Day High School Baseball Pitchers Interval-Training Program
         03.  724-Day Adult Baseball Pitcher Interval-Training Program
         04.  Training Facilitators
         05.  Wrist Weight Warm-Up Drills
         06.  Iron Ball Warm-Up Drills
         07.  Pitch-Specific Throwing Drills
         08.  Major League Baseball Rules

     B.  Chapter Thirty-Seven:  Dr. Mike Marshall's Pitching Motions
         01.  Where to Stand on the Pitching Rubber
         02.  How to Stand on the Pitching Rubber
         03.  Trigger Action
         04.  Transition (Preparation) Phase
         05.  Acceleration Phase
         06.  Deceleration Phase
         07.  Recovery Phase



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